Responsibility and Deep Socialism: Highlighting the Current Road of Red Socialism Towards Sustainability Using the Increasing Responsibility Framework

By  Lucio Muñoz –  Independent Qualitative Comparative Researcher / Consultant, Vancouver, BC, Canada Email:


There are three types of red socialism paths, the fully irresponsible one, the partially responsible one, and the fully responsible one.   From 1848 when Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels published “The Communist Manifesto” until 1991 the socialist world was under fully irresponsible red socialism accumulating economic and environmental deficits in the process, which led to the fall of the soviet bloc, the end of Karl Marx’s world and to the birth of socially friendly capitalism.   Notice that when business as usual is no longer possible under fully irresponsible paradigms(e.g.  red socialism) they shift to partially responsible paradigms(e.g., environmentally friendly red socialism or green socialism, economy friendly red socialism or red markets). And notice that in the future when business as usual under partnership based paradigms no longer works due to sustainability gap pressures  they will shift towards fully responsible paradigms(e.g. sustainability markets).   No much seems to be written about the role of responsibility in the evolution of red socialism based paradigms despite that there seems to be a one to one relationship between paradigm shifts and increasing responsibility.   Among the goals of this paper is to introduce a red socialism based increasing responsibility framework that can be used to point out that as red socialist paradigms shift, generally and currently, from less responsible forms to more responsible ones they are moving slowly towards sustainability, the most responsible red socialism paradigm possible.

Descargar en PDF

Enlace permanente a este artículo: